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Evidence-based nutrition guidelines for the prevention and management of diabetes (May 2011)

The purpose of this paper is to provide evidence-based recommendations for the practical implementation of nutrition advice in the UK.

It is almost 10 years since Diabetes UK published dietary recommendations for people with diabetes. Since then the evidence base for nutritional recommendations has been extensively reviewed by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the American Dietetic Association. The Diabetes UK nutrition working group is in agreement with the conclusions reached in these technical reviews and with the recommendations based on those conclusions.

The literature review for the ADA recommendations was completed in 2006/2007 and the nutrition working group proposed that the new guidelines should be drawn from the existing technical reviews together with a review of published evidenced from 2008 to August 2010.

The nutrition guidelines are relevant to people at high risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

Children are not included in the scope of these guidelines. The International Society of Paediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD) clinical practice guidelines (2009) have been adopted by Diabetes UK.

The full nutritional guidelines can be downloaded from the right-hand column.