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What can I expect at my annual foot check?

People with diabetes have a much greater risk of developing problems with their feet, due to the damage raised blood sugars can cause to sensation and circulation. So make sure you get a quality foot check from a properly trained person at least once a year.

To help you get the best out of your foot check, Diabetes UK has developed a short guide (PDF, 41KB) that explains what you should expect and gives you a space to record the results. You can also order a free copy from our shop.



This check usually takes place at your GP surgery as part of your diabetes annual review –


A quality annual foot check should involve the following:

  1. You should be asked to remove any footwear, including socks/stockings.
  2. Your feet should be examined – including looking for corns, calluses and changes in shape.
  3. Your feet should be tested for numbness or changes in sensation (‘neuropathy’) with a tuning fork or a fine plastic strand called a monofilament.
  4. You should be asked questions about your feet and diabetes management, such as:
    • Have you noticed any problems or changes (eg cuts, blisters, broken skin or corns)?
    • Have you had any previous foot problems or wounds?
    • Have you experienced any pain or discomfort?
    • How often do you check your feet, and what do you look for?
    • Do you have any cramp-like pains when walking?
    • How well are you managing your diabetes?
  5. Your shoes should also be checked to make sure they are not causing any problems to your feet.
  6. You should be told the results and your level of risk of foot problems.
  7. You should be given information about what your level of risk means and what to do next.
  8. You should get advice about how to look after for your feet at home, according to your level of risk. This will include a management/treatment plan.
  9. You should be given details about who to contact at the first sign of any new foot problem.
  10. You should be referred to the Foot Protection Service if your feet are at increased or high risk.

If you are not given this information – ask for it.

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