The 2012 NICE public health guidance Preventing type 2 diabetes: risk identification and interventions for individuals at high risk, recommended that GPs and other primary healthcare professionals use the tool for identifying people at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
Evidence-based points system
The risk assessment is evidenced-based and consists of seven questions. It uses a points system to identity if a person is at low, moderate, or high risk of developing diabetes. Based on this score, appropriate advice is provided in the form of lifestyle changes or a GP referral.
The seven questions are related to age, gender, waist circumference, BMI, ethnic background, blood pressure and family history.
The Diabetes Risk Score has been used successfully at Diabetes UK roadshows and as part of various diabetes awareness raising campaigns.
The tool is particularly useful in assessing people who:
- do not fall within the NHS Health Check age range, as anyone over the age of 18 can use it (with the exception of pregnant women)
- are from Black, Asian and minority ethnic groups (who are at increased risk of diabetes)
- are from socially deprived groups who are at greater diabetes risk and less likely to access local healthcare services.
Avoids false reassurance
The Diabetes Risk Score should be used in preference to the finger prick test, as it takes into consideration the risk factors for diabetes. This avoids falsely reassuring people who may have a normal blood glucose level but might still be at risk of developing the condition.
Interested in using the Diabetes Risk Score in your line of work?
In many cases Diabetes UK can provide you with all you need, free of charge.