The 2012 NICE public health guidance Preventing type 2 diabetes: risk identification and interventions for individuals at high risk, recommended that GPs and other primary healthcare professionals use the tool for identifying people at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
Evidence-based points system
Know Your Risk is evidence-based and consists of seven simple questions related to age, gender, ethnicity, family history, waist measurement, Body Mass Index and blood pressure. It uses a points system to identify if a person is at low, increased, moderate or high risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Based on this score, advice is provided in the form of lifestyle changes or a GP referral.
Know Your Risk is particularly useful for people who
- do not fall within the NHS Health Check age range, as anyone over the age of 18 can use it (with the exception of pregnant women)
- are from Black, Asian and minority ethnic groups (who are at increased risk of diabetes)
- are from socially deprived groups who are at greater diabetes risk and less likely to access local healthcare services.
Avoids false reassurance
Know Your Risk should be used in preference to the finger prick test, as it takes into consideration the risk factors for diabetes. This avoids falsely reassuring people who may have a normal blood glucose level but might still be at risk of developing the condition
Interested in using Diabetes UK Know your Risk in your line of work?
In many cases Diabetes UK can provide you with all you need, free of charge.