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Advice for people with diabetes and their families

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SGLT2 inhibitors

There are three different tablets in this group.

SGLT2 Inhibitors work in the following ways:

  • Reducing the amount of glucose being absorbed in the kidneys so that it is passed out in the urine.
  • Reducing the amount of glucose in your blood.

Medications in the SGLT2 inhibitor family


Generic name Trade name
Dapagliflozin Forxiga
Canagliflozin Invokana
Empagliflozin Jardiance

All are taken once a day. Because of the way they work, your urine will test positive for glucose while you are on this medication. How effective it is depends on your kidney function. There is a risk of genital infections and urinary tract infections.

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