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10 things to think about on World Diabetes Day

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Diabetes is not just a UK problem. All around the world, diabetes is on the rise and the numbers of people with the condition and predicted to develop it over the coming years are really staggering. Helping people understand how to reduce their risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and providing good quality care to people who already have diabetes – both Type 1 and Type 2 – needs to be a priority for societies everywhere.

 1.    Diabetes cases are continuing to increase worldwide. Currently 387 million people – that’s 8.3 per cent of adults aged 20-79 – have diabetes, and the number is set to rise beyond 592 million by 2035.2.    179 million, or almost half of all people with diabetes, are undiagnosed – the vast majority will have Type 2 diabetes. Often the symptoms can go unrecognised for many years. Many people are only diagnosed when they develop the devastating complications associated with diabetes such as blindness, amputation and stroke.3.    Globally, every seven seconds someone dies due to diabetes.4.    77 per cent of the total number of people with diabetes live in low and middle income countries with emerging economies.5.    Africa currently has the smallest number of diabetes cases but will experience the highest increase in cases out of all the regions.6.    Some 79,100 children under 15 years are estimated to develop type 1 diabetes annually worldwide.7.    There is an increase in Type 1 diabetes of around 3 per cent in children and the causes of this are being investigated.8.    The greatest number of people with diabetes are between 40 and 59 years of age.9.    Diabetes costs £385.6 billion in health expenditure – 11 per cent of the total spent on health.10.    There will be an estimated 4.9 million diabetes related deaths worldwide in 2014.

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